Flat feet (pes planus) are very common in a wide range of people. The stress placed on the foot and body due to the flatness of the feet can cause numerous foot problems. Unfortunately, the necessary use of shoes at an early age to protect our feet does not allow people with flat feet to develop the necessary muscular and structural adjustment to function better. The result is feet that need additional structural support to prevent strain on tendons and ligaments, as well as slow the progression of foot deformities related to flat feet, such as bunions and hammertoes. This may include special inserts in the shoes to provide that support. However, the first part of this support is selecting the right shoe for a flat foot type.
The choice of shoes can make a significant difference in the comfort of a person with flat feet. In general, a supportive shoe should provide just that: support. The following features make the shoe more supportive for people with flat feet. Keep in mind that to best support a flat foot, the shoe should rest flat on the ground. Heels are inappropriate for both flat feet and high arches.
1) Rigid sole: The sole of the shoe must be rigid to resist collapse of the foot. Many shoes are very flexible and this does not help stabilize a flat foot. When examining a shoe for purchase, try to fold the sole of the shoe. If it bends towards the middle of the shoe, then the shoe is too flexible. If the sole bends near the toes or the ball of the foot, then the shoe will have more support. Also, try twisting the shoe. Take the front and back of the shoe and try twisting and wringing it out like a drying towel. If the shoe twists easily, it doesn’t provide enough support. If the shoe resists this, then it is supportive.
2) Wide sole: Many shoes, especially sneakers and some flats and sandals, will have an hourglass shape in which the sole tapers along the sides in the middle of the foot. In general, no human being has a foot of this shape, especially those with flat feet, and support along the side of the foot will be lost if a shoe of this shape is worn. Look for a shoe that has a wider sole by looking at the bottom of the shoe. If it narrows in the middle, it may not be suitable for someone with flat feet.
3) Stiff heel: The stiffness of the material at the back of the heel can also have a factor in how supportive the shoe is. The heel bone will rotate outward by various degrees as the foot flattens. A stiffer heel material in the shoe (the heel counter) will help resist this and improve the overall stability of the shoe.
Don’t be fooled by new trends or gimmicks when it comes to shoe construction. Sophisticated additions to the shoe’s outsole that are marketed for added support are usually mostly cosmetic, if hardly useful. Unless something is built into the shoe to make contact with the arch itself, the only indicator needed to assess a shoe’s sole support is testing stiffness. One can generally ignore most “new and improved” claims. Likewise with unusual shoe shapes or constructions. Cobblers have been at their craft for centuries, and foot specialists have had a good idea of how the foot works biomechanically for some time. There is no innovative technology that emerges overnight that outperforms traditional shoe construction, which itself has evolved on its own. The influx of non-traditional shoe construction is based on a poor understanding of foot function or the principles of wearing shoes intended only for people with specific 레플리카 deformities and, in some cases, can create other problems such as heel stress or Leg.
Finally, the basic principles of shoe fit should also always be considered. Shoes should be fitted to measured length AND width, with the assistance of a shoe retailer familiar with their products who can provide a more detailed fit, as manufacturers may differ slightly from listed shoe sizes. A size ten foot may fit a size ten in a specific shoe and a nine and a half in a different shoe/manufacturer. Shoe sizes are a good guide, but may not be exact due to different shoe shapes and constructions. Above all, a shoe should immediately feel comfortable, as one should not have to ‘break in’ a shoe to make it comfortable. Supportive shoes for feet pl